Kyoto is often recognized as the cultural and historical heartland and also the most beautiful city in Japan. It is next to Nara prefecture and is only about 2.5 hours by fastest shinkansen from Tokyo. Because Kyoto served as Japan’s capital and the emperor’s residence a long time ago, you will see countless temples, shrines and traditional gardens that still remain. Strict regulations are made for the city to maintain its historical scenery: for example, roof tiles are to be silver-colored, and heights of buildings are to be shorter than 45 meters. Kyoto allows you to be surrounded by beautiful architecture and experience all that historical Japanese culture.